World History Blog
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Please respond below.
The Pharoah was the head of the Egyptian government, both a god and a king. He could not run the government on his on. Below him he appointed viziers who were influential people in society such as nobles or priests. All royal commands passed through the viziers. A vizier would run a branch of the government such as taxation, canal maintenance, etc. The viziers would then pass on the orders to the scribes who would then send the order to those below them, the royal overseers. The royal overseers would then set up the necessary bureaucracy to implement the royal order. They would then send the order to the district governors who were below them who would implement the policy on a lower level.
How should Pharaohs act? How do we know this? What did the primary source we read in class say about how Pharaohs should act and more importantly what did it say about the way some people view the Pharaoh?
Egyptian religion was polytheistic, which made it extremely flexible. Throughout Egypt's history beliefs and practices were constantly changing though the themes of fertility, rebirth, death and resurrection generally remained constant. The ancient Egyptians had a tendency to merge new beliefs with the old ones rather than simply replace them. See, http://australianmuseum.net.au/Religion-and-gods-in-ancient-Egypt/#sthash.4GktrlVL.dpufLife After Death:
The Egyptians believed that there was a life after death. They thought that people had two important parts: a "ka", or life force that they only had while alive, and a "ba" which was more like a soul. If the "ka" and "ba" could be united in the afterworld the person would live in the afterlife. A key component was that the body be preserved for this to happen. This is why the Egyptians used the embalming process, or mummification, to preserve the dead. You had to earn your way into your afterlife by doing good deeds while you were alive. The more good deeds you did, the lighter your heart became.
Pharaohs. The heart of the dead was weighed in the presence of the jackal-headed Anubis, god of the dead, against a feather, representing Maat, goddess of truth. Balancing the scale meant immortality. Should the heart not balance perfectly, Amemet devoured it, and Seth, murderer of Osiris, ate the rest of the body.
Pharaohs were the king or Queen of Egypt. Most pharaohs were men but some well-known pharaohs, such as Nefertiti and Cleopatra, were women. A Pharaoh was the most important and powerful person in the kingdom. He was the head of the government and high priest of every temple.The people of Egypt considered the pharaoh to be a half-man, half-god. The Pharaoh owned all of Egypt. The Ancient Egyptians believed that their Pharaoh was the god Horus, son of Re, the sun god. When a pharaoh died he was believed to be united with the sun and then a new Horus ruled on earth.
How did the Egyptians view the Nile?
Hail to thee, O Nile! Who manifests thyself over this land, and comes to give life to Egypt! Mysterious is thy issuing forth from the darkness, on this day whereon it is celebrated! Watering the orchards created by Re, to cause all the cattle to live, you give the earth to drink, inexhaustible one! Path that descends from the sky, loving the bread of Seb and the first-fruits of Nepera, You cause the workshops of Ptah to prosper!
Isolation gave Egypt the time to develop a unique and strong culture. Bordered by the Eastern and Western desserts, the Mediterranean sea, and the Red Sea.
The Nile is the center of Egyptian society: providing water for irrigation and acting as a highway for communication and commerce.
The Nile floods on a regular basis, fed from the season rains of the southern African rain forest. When the flood waters recede it leaves behind silt, rich nutrients that are composed primarily of decomposed matter. This was a natural fertilizer.
I have posted the first series of rolling projects. They are located under projects. You go to projects and then select the subtab that corresponds with your period, meaning, if it says rolling projections section 3 that means that students in period 3 use that tab. I am using google classrooms so you may have to sign in with your google account. This is the first time I have used this system. All future written projects will be submitted on google drive.
Remember, NHD is not a rolling project and is due on the date posted.
Let me know if you have any problems.
Located along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, dessert environment which has been modified through the building of an extensive canal system, is located at the crossroads of the ancient world, no natural barriers: modified their environment by building walls around their cites; had few natural resources: used clay bricks for building and imported timber. Low resources meant constant conflict for those resources that were available.
They had a polytheistic religion as is evidenced by what part/parts of Hammurabi's code; their temples are ziggurats (step type pyramid structures; gods generally represented the natural elements that surrounded them. Had a very bleak view of the afterlife.
Built extensive canals: used clay bricks in building; had the arch and column but did not use it to the extent that the Romans or Greeks did; main structure is the ziggurat. For the Art part, they generally created pottery that was decorated with paining. They also had writing, called cuneiform, and they had the world's first epic, called the Epic of Gilgamesh.
Basic governmental structure is the City State. City states were generally independent of each other. A city state is a city and the are around the city it controls. City States are best understood as small countries. However, city states could grow large and powerful like babylon.
Most city states were headed by a King. There is division among scholars about whether the government was a theocracy or a absolute monarchy, but based on the reading of Hammurabi's code it looks more like an absolute monarchy.
We are focusing our studies on Hammurabi, he created Hammurabi's code. He is one of the great kings of Mesopotamia. We remember him most for Hammurabi's code, which you are studying now.
Why did Hammurabi need to create a single code of law?? What are the benefits of having a single code of law?
If you are interested in participating in Mock Trial next year please email me. I am trying to get a count of the people who plan on participating.
Please send an email to my email address: email@example.com
I am trying to get an email list started for your class, thanks!