Isolation gave Egypt the time to develop a unique and strong culture. Bordered by the Eastern and Western desserts, the Mediterranean sea, and the Red Sea.
The Nile is the center of Egyptian society: providing water for irrigation and acting as a highway for communication and commerce.
The Nile floods on a regular basis, fed from the season rains of the southern African rain forest. When the flood waters recede it leaves behind silt, rich nutrients that are composed primarily of decomposed matter. This was a natural fertilizer.