Gods and the Planets
- Ouranos, the Greek word for the 'sky', became Uranus.
- His son, Chronos, who ruled the Titans, was renamed Saturn.
- Zeus Pater, father Zeus became Jupiter (also known as Jove).
- Poseidon, god of the sea, became Neptune.
- Hades of the underworld was renamed Pluto.
- Aphrodite, the goddess of love, was now Venus.
- Swift Hermes, the messenger, became Mercury.
- And warlike Ares took on the Roman name Mars.
The Rest of the Roman/Greek god family
- Hera, Zeus' wife, became Juno.
- Demeter, the goddess of harvest and fertility, was renamed Ceres (the Latin word for grain).
- The Twins Apollo, the prophetic healer, and Artemis, the virgin goddess of the wild, became Phoebus andDiana and were associated with the sun and moon respectively.
- Athena, goddess of wisdom, became Minerva.
- Dionysus, the god of wine, dancing and revelry, was renamed Bacchus, and was also called Liber by the Romans.
- Finally, Hephaistos, the smith god, became Vulcan.
Janus, the god of beginnings and endings, is the only uniquely Roman god. The month of January is named after Janus.